Dar es Salaam. The government is working on a comprehensive strategy to tackle youth unemployment in the country, a case dubbed a time bomb.
The initiatives include the creation of a commercial bank that will specifically offer tailor-made services targeting young entrepreneurs, President Samia Suluhu Hassan told Mwanza yesterday.
Speaking to young people across the country through those based in Mwanza, the head of state said that at present, 11.4 percent of Tanzania’s youth population of the age of working does not have a job.
She said it was in an effort to meet such a challenge when she met the President of the African Development Bank Group, Dr Akinwumi Adesina, who agreed to address the problem and increase professional training. in the country.
“At the meeting, he promised to increase the number of vocational training institutions and to create a bank of entrepreneurs that would specifically serve young people,” she said. “The creation of this bank would help meet the challenge of access to capital faced by young people in the country,” said the president.
Addressing the issue of youth funding, the head of state said the government has so far implemented funds and credit programs such as the Youth Development Fund (YDF) which has granted more than 5.4 billion shillings to benefit more than 6,293 young people.
“The government has also ordered district councils to devote 10% of their total income to granting concessional loans to special groups, including young people, but regardless of these initiatives, the lack of capital for young people. young people is still there and is its main problem, ”she noted.
In his remarks, one of the youth representatives, Mr. Jumanne Kalega, said that being the main labor force in the country, young people have the potential to contribute to the growth of the economy, especially in the sectors agriculture, animal husbandry and fishing.
“We have the possibility to support the policy of industrialization of the state through these key sectors, but the first challenges such as access to finance must be taken up,” he said.
“We appreciate the president’s remarks to the central bank about reducing loan interest rates, which would help young people access credit for their entrepreneurial activities,” he added.
Another challenge is access to commercial sites, especially for “machinga” street vendors. She then asked council officials to create sites that are accessible to many people for small businesses to trade from.
The meeting also saw a number of ministers describing what they are doing in their various roles to address the challenges facing young people.
The Minister of State in the President’s Office (Regional Administration and Local Authorities), Ms. Ummy Mwalimu, and her Home Affairs counterpart, George Simbachawane, presented strategic policies to address the challenges facing the country’s youth.
Ms Mwalimu said President Hassan had contributed 11.2 billion shillings to address the challenges of education in the areas of the Lake District.
She said the government would free 600 million shillings for each of the 214 constituencies across the country for the construction of neighborhood schools, in which MPs would propose the neighborhood in which the school should be built.
“Each school will have eight classrooms, three laboratories, latrines and staff quarters,” she said.
For his part, Simbachawene said his ministry, through the police force, would uphold the rule of law and called on young people to do legitimate jobs to earn income and avoid committing crimes because, he warned, they would be in trouble.
“Many young people in the country are good citizens, but the few of them who get involved in criminal activities have to change and opt for legitimate activities, because crime does not stand a chance,” said Simbachawene. .
For his part, Energy Minister Medard Kalemani said that due to the intermittent power cuts in the areas of the lakes area, the government has allocated 3.7 billion shillings to improve the power infrastructure in order to end the problem.
“Reliable power supply for young people is the driving force behind the growth of the economy,” he said.
Mr Kelemani also urged young people to make investments, saying the government has allocated 366 billion shillings for the installation of electricity in all regions of the lakes area.
For his part, Minister of Minerals Doto Biteko has promised to offer young people the opportunity to mine minerals and increase their values.
“There are a lot of young people in the country’s mines, which are over 76%,” Biteko revealed.
Sports and arts
The government wants to protect and stimulate the growth of sport and the arts because it has employed many young people in musical, film, traditional and cultural activities, according to the president.
By protecting the interests of young people who work through art and sport from December, they will begin to receive royalties.
“From December 2021, artists will start receiving royalties for their work broadcast on TV, radio and online,” she said.
The president also asked the Minister of Information, Culture, Arts and Sports, Innocent Bashungwa, to start thinking about the creation of regional sports academies, which will contribute to the development of talents.
In his remarks, Minister Bashungwa said that at a time when employment is difficult, it is very important to focus on talent development to expand the possibility for young people to support themselves.
He said that young people can also develop their creativity and talents through the vocational training provided in Tanzania.
“So, I would like to ask the sports and arts institutions to be mobile all over the country so that they can reach and serve a large percentage of the youth in the countryside,” he said.
Youth and leadership
Besides economic contribution, young people also have the potential to facilitate clean politics and support democracy, says Goodluck Nyingo, a youth representative from Mwanza.
“Young people can focus on good policies and ideology instead of emotionally driven politics,” he said.
In leadership positions, the president subsequently hinted that the government also wanted to place more young people in leadership positions through appointments to strengthen their commitments in state administration.
“There is another ‘mkeka’ (appointments) coming up for district commissioners that tells you that they are all young people,” she said.